9 Perennial Vegetables That Grow Back Year After Year

Gardening enthusiasts often seek ways to make their gardens more sustainable and easier to maintain. One of the best strategies is to incorporate perennial vegetables that come back year after year. These hardy plants not only provide a consistent harvest but also reduce the need for replanting, saving time and effort. Here, we explore nine perennial vegetables that are perfect for any garden.

1. Asparagus: The King of Perennials

Asparagus is a beloved perennial vegetable that requires patience but rewards with delicious, tender spears for many years. Once established, it can produce for up to 20 years or more.

Growing Tips:

  • Planting: Choose a sunny spot with well-drained soil. Plant crowns 12-18 inches apart in early spring.
  • Maintenance: Keep the bed weed-free and mulch in late fall to protect against frost.

2. Rhubarb: The Tangy Favorite

Rhubarb, known for its tart flavor, is a hardy perennial that thrives in cooler climates. Its stalks are commonly used in desserts and sauces.

Growing Tips:

  • Planting: Plant rhubarb crowns in early spring in rich, well-drained soil. Space plants 3-4 feet apart.
  • Maintenance: Remove flower stalks to encourage leaf stalk growth. Divide crowns every 4-5 years.

3. Jerusalem Artichokes: The Nutritious Tuber

Also known as sunchokes, Jerusalem artichokes are tubers that can be harvested in late fall and winter. They are rich in inulin, a prebiotic fiber.

Growing Tips:

  • Planting: Plant tubers in spring or fall, about 3-4 inches deep and 12-18 inches apart.
  • Maintenance: These plants can become invasive, so consider using a contained area or raised bed.

4. Sorrel: The Zesty Leafy Green

Sorrel is a perennial herb with a lemony flavor, perfect for adding zest to salads, soups, and sauces. It thrives in cooler weather and partial shade.

Growing Tips:

  • Planting: Sow seeds directly in the garden in early spring or fall. Space plants 12-18 inches apart.
  • Maintenance: Harvest leaves regularly to encourage new growth and prevent bolting.

5. Good King Henry: The Ancient Green

Good King Henry is a lesser-known perennial that was a staple in medieval gardens. Its leaves are used like spinach, and its shoots can be eaten like asparagus.

Growing Tips:

  • Planting: Sow seeds in late summer or early fall in well-drained soil. Space plants about 18 inches apart.
  • Maintenance: Keep the soil moist and harvest young leaves for the best flavor.

6. Walking Onions: The Self-Propagating Marvel

Walking onions, also known as Egyptian onions, are unique perennials that propagate themselves by forming bulbs at the top of their stalks, which then fall and grow new plants.

Growing Tips:

  • Planting: Plant bulbs in fall or early spring about 2 inches deep and 6 inches apart.
  • Maintenance: Harvest bulbs in summer and use the greens as you would chives.

7. Perennial Kale: The Hardy Green

Perennial kale, like the tree collards or sea kale, offers a steady supply of greens throughout the year. These plants are more resistant to pests and diseases compared to their annual counterparts.

Growing Tips:

  • Planting: Plant seedlings in early spring or fall in well-drained, fertile soil. Space plants 24-36 inches apart.
  • Maintenance: Prune regularly to encourage new growth and protect from severe frost.

8. Lovage: The Flavorful Herb

Lovage is a tall, perennial herb that adds a celery-like flavor to dishes. It can grow up to six feet tall, making it a striking addition to any garden.

Growing Tips:

  • Planting: Sow seeds or transplant seedlings in spring. Space plants 24-36 inches apart.
  • Maintenance: Harvest leaves and stems regularly, and divide plants every 3-4 years to maintain vigor.

9. Horseradish: The Spicy Root

Horseradish is a vigorous perennial known for its spicy roots, which are used to make horseradish sauce. It’s incredibly hardy and can even thrive in poor soil.

Growing Tips:

  • Planting: Plant root cuttings in early spring about 2 inches deep and 12-18 inches apart.
  • Maintenance: Harvest roots in fall, and keep in mind that horseradish can spread aggressively.


Incorporating these perennial vegetables into your garden can provide a reliable and sustainable source of fresh produce for years to come. They not only reduce the need for replanting but also contribute to a healthier, more diverse garden ecosystem. Happy gardening!


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